A study conducted by researchers at the University of Wisconsin-Madison marks a significant transition within neuroscience research away from a focus on disease in favor of a focus on well-being. The researchers’ findings suggest that meditation causes neuroplastic changes in the brain that in turn enhance individuals’ well-being. In particular, the study measured meditation’s effects on neural networks that are associated with socially compassionate behavior including altruism, empathy, and kindness. Just as social stressors can damage the brain, researchers explain, positive social interventions like mindfulness meditation can enhance brain function and structure. The study represents an important step in our understanding of the complex process of neuroplasticity.