Dr. William Marchand of the University of Utah at Salt Lake City evaluated the benefits of mindfulness meditation-based practices and found multiple cognitive benefits of three mindful techniques. The first, Zen meditation, involves the practice of developing mindfulness by focusing on breathing. Zen was found to be particularly helpful in pain management. The second technique, mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR), combines elements of meditation, education and yoga to facilitate patients’ development of stress and coping strategies. The third, mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT) uses principles of MSBR in clinical settings to combat depression. The study found much evidence of meditation’s positive cognitive effects in combating depression, anxiety, and general distress.